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Fred H. Cate
Distinguished Professor and C. Ben Dutton Professor of Law; Director, Center for Applied Cybersecurity Research; Director, Center for Law, Ethics, and Applied Research in Health Information

Moving Forward Together: Editorial (with C. Kuner, et. al.), 1 INTERNATIONAL DATA PRIVACY LAW 81 (2011).

A Transatlantic Convergence on Privacy, 9 IEEE SECURITY & PRIVACY 76 (Jan./Feb. 2011).

Government Access to Private-Sector Data, 8 IEEE SECURITY & PRIVACY 68 (Nov./Dec. 2010).

The Limits of Notice and Choice, 8 IEEE SECURITY & PRIVACY 59 (Mar./Apr. 2010).

Looking Beyond Notice and Choice, 9 BNA PRIVACY & SECURITY LAW REPORT 476 (2010).

Protecting Privacy in Health Research: The Limits of Individual Choice, 98 CALIFORNIA LAW REVIEW 1765 (2010). [HeinOnline] [Journal Website]

Protecting Privacy in Health Research, 9 BNA PRIVACY & SECURITY LAW REPORT 1438 (2010).

U.S. Supreme Court Ruling Due in 2010 in Quon Case, 9 BNA PRIVACY & SECURITY LAW REPORT 35 (2010).

Dos and Don’ts of Data Breach and Information Security Policy (with Martin E. Abrams, Paula J. Bruening & Orson Swindle), Center for Information Policy Leadership (2009). [PDF]

Security, Privacy, and the Role of Law, 7 IEEE SECURITY & PRIVACY 60 (Sept./Oct. 2009).

Updating Data Protection: Part I -- Identifying the Objectives, Centre for Information Policy Leadership (2009). [PDF]

The Conflict Between European Data Protection Laws and U.S. Civil Discovery Rules, IPAA PRIVACY TRACKER, 2008.

  1. Information Security Breaches: Looking Back & Thinking Ahead, Centre for Information Policy Leadership (2008). [PDF]
  2. Government Data Mining: The Need for a Legal Framework, 43 HARVARD CIVIL RIGHTS-CIVIL LIBERTIES LAW REVIEW 435 (2008). [SSRN] HeinOnline
  3. Privacy (with Brooke Barnett), in INTERNATIONAL ENCYCLOPEDIA OF COMMUNICATION (Wolfgang Donsbach, Ed.). Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2008.
  4. Strategic Information Managment (with Paula Bruening, Lisa Sotto, and Martin Abrams), 7 BNA PRIVACY & SECURITY LAW REPORT 1361 (2008).
  5. Surreptitious Code and the Law, in CRIMEWARE: UNDERSTANDING NEW ATTACKS AND DEFENSES (Markus Jakobsson & Zulfikar Ramzan, Eds.). Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 2008.
  6. Between a Rock and a Hard Place: the Conflict Between European Data Protection Laws and U.S. Civil Litigation Document Production Requirements (with Margaret P. Eisenhauer), 7 BNA PRIVACY & SECURITY LAW REPORT 229 (2007).
  7. Domestic Surveillance and the Decline of Legal Oversight, JURIST (Oct. 30, 2007).
  8. European Court of Human Rights Expands Privacy Protections: Copland v. United Kingdom, AMERICAN SOCIETY OF INTERNATIONAL LAW INSIGHTS, August 6, 2007.
  9. Information Privacy in the War on Terrorism, A White Paper of the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia (2007).
  10. Liability for Phishing, in PHISHING AND COUNTERMEASURES (Markus Jakobsson & Steven Myers, Eds.) Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2007.
  11. The Need for Greater Political Will to Ensure That We Protect Both Security and Privacy, 2 PRIVACY & DATA SECURITY LAW JOURNAL 139 (2007).
  12. The Vanishing Fourth Amendment, 6 BNA PRIVACY & SECURITY LAW REPORT 1875 (2007).
  13. The Failure of Fair Information Practice Principles, in CONSUMER PROTECTION IN THE 'INFORMATION ECONOMY' (Jane K. Winn, Ed.) Surry, UK: Ashgate, 2006.

  14. Identity Theft--What the Numbers Tell Us and What You Can Do About It, 68 INDIANA ALUMNI MAGAZINE 48 (2006).
  15. Information Security Breaches and the Threat to Consumers, 60 CONSUMER FINANCE LAW QUARTERLY REPORT 344 (2006).
  16. Legal Standards for Data Mining, in EMERGENT INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES AND ENABLING POLICIES FOR COUNTER-TERRORISM (Robert L. Popp and John Yen, Eds.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2006.

  17. Method in Our Madness: Legal Methodology in Communications Law Research, in COMMUNICATION AND LAW: MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACHES TO RESEARCH (Amy Reynolds and Brooke Barnett, Eds.). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 2006.
  18. The Privacy and Security Policy Vacuum in Higher Education, 41 EDUCAUSE REVIEW 18 (Sept./Oct. 2006).
  19. Privacy Protection in the United States, in RESEARCH ON ISSUES ARISING AT THE FRONTIERS OF PERSONAL INFORMATION PROTECTION (Zhou Hanhua, Ed.). Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, 2006.
  20. Accuracy in Credit Reporting (with Michael E. Staten), in BUILDING ASSETS, BUILDING CREDIT: CREATING WEALTH IN LOW-INCOME COMMUNITIES (Nicolas P. Restinas and Eric S. Belsky, Eds.). Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 2005.

  21. Data Mining and Privacy (with Newton N. Minow), in MCGRAW-HILL HANDBOOK OF HOMELAND SECURITY: THE DEFINITIVE GUIDE FOR LAW ENFORCEMENT. EMT, AND ALL OTHER SECURITY PROFESSIONALS (David Kamien, Ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill, 2005.

  22. Information Security Breaches and the Threat to Consumers, Center for Information Policy Leadership (2005). [PDF]
  23. Information Security Breaches and the Threat to Consumers, 10 ELECTRONIC BANKING LAW AND COMMERCE REPORT 2 (Oct. 2005)
  24. Legal Restrictions on Transborder Data Flows to Prevent Government Access to Personal Data: Lessons from British Columbia, Center for Information Policy Leadership (2005). [PDF]
  25. Canadians’ Concerns Over the U.S. Patriot Act May Not Take Into Account Broader Context, 8 TRUSTE ADVOCATE (October 2004).

  26. Pentagon Technology and Privacy Committee Final Report Proposes Sweeping Changes to Current Law, 4 PRIVACY AND INFORMATION LAW REPORT 1 (May 2004).

  27. The Commodification of Information and the Control of Expression, 3 PRIVACY AND INFORMATION LAW REPORT 11 (March 2003).

  28. FINANCIAL PRIVACY, CONSUMER PROSPERITY, AND THE PUBLIC GOOD (with Robert E. Litan, et.al.) Washington, DC: AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies, 2003.

  29. THE IMPACT OF NATIONAL CREDIT REPORTING UNDER THE FAIR CREDIT REPORTING ACT: THE RISK OF NEW RESTRICTIONS AND STATE REGULATION (with Michael E. Staten). Washington, DC: Financial Services Coordinating Council, 2003.

  30. The Impact of Opt-in Privacy Rules on Retail Credit Markets: A Case Study of MBNA (with Michael E. Staten), 52 DUKE LAW JOURNAL 745 (2003). [SSRN] [HeinOnline]

  31. THE PRIVACY PROBLEM: A BROADER VIEW OF INFORMATION PRIVACY AND THE COSTS AND CONSEQUENCES OF PROTECTING IT. Nashville: First Amendment Center, 2003.

  32. Privacy Protection and the Quest for Information Control, in WHO RULES THE NET?: INTERNET GOVERNANCE AND JURISDICTION (Adam Thierer and Clyde Wayne Crews, Jr., Eds.). Washington, DC: Cato Institute, 2003.

  33. Privacy Regulation and What Is At Risk, in CORPORATE GOVERNANCE: IMPLICATIONS FOR FINANCIAL SERVICES FIRMS: THE 39TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE ON BANK STRUCTURE AND COMPETITION. Chicago: Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, 2003.

  34. A Proposal for a Global Privacy Protection Framework (with Margaret P. Eisenhauer and Christopher Kuner), CONSUMER PROTECTION UPDATE 18 (Summer 2003).

  35. Revisiting the Vast Wasteland, 55 FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS LAW JOURNAL 407 (2003). [HeinOnline]

  36. The “CNN Effect” Is Far from Clear-Cut, HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS REVIEW 4 (Summer 2002).

  37. Constitutional Issues in Information Privacy (with Robert Litan), MICHIGAN TECHNOLOGY & TELECOMMUNICATIONS LAW REVIEW 35 (2002). [SSRN] [HeinOnline]

  38. The Commodification of Information and the Control of Expression, 43 AMICUS CURIAE 3 (2002).

  39. Principles for Protecting Privacy, 22 CATO JOURNAL 33 (2002).

  40. Privacy, Consumer Credit, and the Regulation of Personal Information, in THE IMPACT OF PUBLIC POLICY ON CONSUMER CREDIT (Thomas A. Durkin and Michael E. Staten, Eds.). Boston: Kluwer, 2002.

  41. CONSTITUTIONAL ISSUES IN INFORMATION PRIVACY (with Robert E. Litan). Washington, DC: AEI-Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies, 2001.

  42. THE COURT-MARTIAL OF GEORGE ARMSTRONG CUSTER (edited with Dennis Long and David Williams). Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001.

  43. The Current Privacy Debate, 1 PRIVACY AND INFORMATION LAW REPORT 1 (April 2001).

  44. DATA AND DEMOCRACY. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001.

  45. PRIVACY AND OTHER CIVIL LIBERTIES IN THE UNITED STATES AFTER SEPTEMBER 11. Washington, DC: American Institute for Contemporary Germanic Studies, 2001.

  46. PRIVACY IN PERSPECTIVE. Washington, DC: American Enterprise Institute Press, 2001.

  47. PROTECTING PRIVACY IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM: THE PREEMPTION PROBLEM. Washington, DC: National Retail Federation, 2001.
  48. Book Review. Liberty (Ed.), Liberating Cyberspace, 40 JURIMETRICS 537 (2000).

  49. The Value of Information-Sharing, in FINANCIAL SERVICES MODERNIZATION: THE IMPACT OF THE GRAMM-LEACH-BLILEY ACT (Vance G. Gudmundsen, Ed.). Malvern, PA: CPCU Society, 2000.

  50. CASES AND MATERIALS ON MASS MEDIA LAW, 6th ed. (with Marc A. Franklin and David A. Anderson). New York: Foundation Press, 2000.

  51. The Digital Millennium Copyright Act and Library Liability, 19 INDIANA LIBRARIES 16 (2000).

  52. Opt-In Debate Moves Center Stage, 1 PRIVACY AND INFORMATION LAW REPORT 17 (September 2000).

  53. PERSONAL INFORMATION IN FINANCIAL SERVICES: THE VALUE OF A BALANCED FLOW. Washington, DC: Financial Services Coordinating Council, 2000.

  54. Principles of Internet Privacy, 32 CONNECTICUT LAW REVIEW 877 (2000). [SSRN] [HeinOnline]

  55. PROTECTING PRIVACY IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM: CONSUMER ACCESS TO PERSONAL INFORMATION. Washington, DC: National Retail Federation, 2000.
  56. PROTECTING PRIVACY IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM: THE FALLACY OF "OPT-IN" (with Michael E. Staten). Washington, DC: National Retail Federation, 2000.
  57. PROTECTING PRIVACY IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM: IDENTITY THEFT. Washington, DC: National Retail Federation, 2000.
  58. PROTECTING PRIVACY IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM: INFORMATION-SHARING -- WHY DOES AFFILIATE STATUS MATTER? (with Michael E. Staten). Washington, DC: National Retail Federation, 2000.
  59. PROTECTING PRIVACY IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM: LEGAL PROTECTIONS FOR INFORMATION PRIVACY. Washington, DC: National Retail Federation, 2000.
  60. PROTECTING PRIVACY IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM: PROTECTING CONSUMER PRIVACY -- TEN QUESTIONS EVERY LEGISLATOR SHOULD ASK. Washington, DC: National Retail Federation, 2000.
  61. PROTECTING PRIVACY IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM: PUTTING PEOPLE FIRST --CONSUMER BENEFITS OF INFORMATION-SHARING (with Michael E. Staten). Washington, DC: National Retail Federation, 2000.
  62. PROTECTING PRIVACY IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM: VALUE OF INFORMATION-SHARING (with Michael E. Staten). Washington, DC: National Retail Federation, 2000.
  63. Public Policy and the Privacy Avalanche, in THE FUTURE OF FINANCIAL PRIVACY: PRIVATE CHOICES VERSUS POLITICAL RULES. Washington, DC: Competitive Enterprise Institute, 2000.

  64. The Changing Face of Privacy Protection in the European Union and the United States, 33 INDIANA LAW REVIEW 173 (1999). [SSRN] [HeinOnline]
  65. Does Privacy Matter in the Information Age?, 6 TELECOMMUNICATIONS & SPACE JOURNAL 13 (1999).

  66. Introduction in LEGAL RESEARCH TODAY: TRADITIONAL SOURCES, NEW TECHNOLOGIES (C. K. Pauwels, L. K. Fariss and K. Buckley, Eds.). Bloomington, IN: Phi Delta Kappa, 1999.
  67. THE PUBLIC RECORD. Washington, DC: CSPRA, 1999.

  68. The European Data Protection Directive and European-U.S. Trade, 1 CURRENTS 61 (1998).

  69. The First Amendment, Children, the Internet, and America's Public Libraries, 17 INDIANA LIBRARIES 42 (1998).

  70. THE INTERNET AND THE FIRST AMENDMENT: SCHOOLS AND SEXUALLY EXPLICIT EXPRESSION. Bloomington, IN: Phi Delta Kappa, 1998.

  71. Privacy and Telecommunications, 33 WAKE FOREST LAW REVIEW 1 (1998). [SSRN] [HeinOnline]

  72. Sovereignty and the Globalization of Intellectual Property: Introduction, 6 INDIANA JOURNAL OF GLOBAL LEGAL STUDIES 1 (1998). [HeinOnline]

  73. PRIVACY IN THE INFORMATION AGE. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1997.

  74. THE TRIAL OF RICHARD III (edited with David C. Williams, et al.). Bloomington, IN: Indiana University School of Law, 1997.

  75. Communications, Policymaking, and Humanitarian Crises, in FROM MASSACRES TO GENOCIDE: THE MEDIA, PUBLIC POLICY, AND HUMANITARIAN CRISES (Robert I. Rotberg and Thomas George Weiss, Eds.). Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, 1996.

  76. Cybersex: Regulating Sexually Explicit Expression on the Internet, 14 BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES & THE LAW 145 (1996).

  77. Intellectual Property and Networked Health Information: Issues and Principles, 84 BULLETIN OF THE MEDICAL LIBRARY ASSOCIATION 229 (1996).

  78. Law in Cyberspace, 39 HOWARD LAW JOURNAL 565 (1996). [HeinOnline]

  79. The Technological Transformation of Copyright Law, 81 IOWA LAW REVIEW 1395 (1996). [SSRN] [HeinOnline]

  80. Telephone Companies, the First Amendment, and Technological Convergence, 45 DEPAUL LAW REVIEW 1035 (1996). [HeinOnline]

  81. COMMUNICATIONS IN MEDICINE: THE ANNENBERG WASHINGTON PROGRAM AND A DECADE OF MAKING A DIFFERENCE (with Peter David Blanck and Gregory Makoul). Washington, DC: The Annenberg Washington Program in Communications Policy Studies of Northwestern University, 1995.

  82. The EU Data Protection Directive, Information Privacy and the Public Interest, 80 IOWA LAW REVIEW 431 (1995). [HeinOnline]

  83. The First Amendment and the National Information Infrastructure, 30 WAKE FOREST LAW REVIEW 1 (1995). [SSRN] [HeinOnline]

  84. Indecency, Intolerance, and Ignorance: The First Amendment and the Regulation of Electronic Expression, 1995 JOURNAL OF ONLINE LAW 5 (1995).

  85. The Legal Regulation of Transplantation, in TRANSPLANTATION NURSING: ACUTE AND LONG-TERM MANAGEMENT (M. T. Nolan and S. M. Augustine, Eds.). Norwalk, CT: Appleton & Lange, 1995.

  86. The Future of Communications Policymaking, 3 WILLIAM AND MARY BILL OF RIGHTS JOURNAL 1 (1994). [HeinOnline]

  87. Global Information Policymaking and Domestic Law, 1 INDIANA JOURNAL OF GLOBAL LEGAL STUDIES 467 (1994). [HeinOnline]

  88. Human Organ Transplantation: The Role of Law, 20 JOURNAL OF CORPORATION LAW 69 (1994). [HeinOnline]

  89. INTERNATIONAL DISASTER COMMUNICATIONS: HARNESSING THE POWER OF COMMUNICATIONS TO AVERT DISASTERS AND SAVE LIVES (Editor and contributor). Washington, DC: The Annenberg Washington Communications Program, 1994.

  90. A Law Antecedent and Paramount, 47 FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS LAW JOURNAL 205 (1994). [HeinOnline]

  91. MEDIA, DISASTER RELIEF, AND IMAGES OF THE DEVELOPING WORLD. Washington, DC: The Annenberg Washington Communications Program, 1994.
  92. The National Information Infrastructure: Policymakers and Policymaking, 6 STANFORD LAW & POLICY REVIEW (1994). [HeinOnline]

  93. Posthumous Autonomy Revisited, 69 INDIANA LAW JOURNAL 1067 (1994). [HeinOnline]

  94. The Right to Privacy and the Public’s Right to Know: The “Central Purpose” of the Freedom of Information Act (with D.A. Fields and J.K. McBain), 46 ADMINISTRATIVE LAW REVIEW 41 (1994). [HeinOnline]

  95. United States Laws Regulating International Telecommunications Products and Services, in INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS PRACTICE HANDBOOK. Washington, DC: Federal Communications Bar Association, 1994.

  96. Communicating with Juries (with Newton N. Minow), 68 INDIANA LAW JOURNAL 1101 (1993). [HeinOnline]

  97. Communications Policymaking, Competition and the Public Interest, 68 INDIANA LAW JOURNAL 665 (1993). [HeinOnline]

  98. Implementing the Educational Mandate of the Patient Self-Determination Act, 7 HEALTH LAWYER 11 (1993).

  99. The Patient Self-Determination Act: Implementing the Education Requirements,in COMMUNICATIONS AND THE PATIENT SELF-DETERMINATION ACT: STRATEGIES FOR MEETING THE EDUCATIONAL MANDATE. Washington, D.C.: The Annenberg Washington Project (1993).
  100. Health Care Decision-Making and Organ and Tissue Donation, 2 JOURNAL OF TRANSPLANT COORDINATION 288 (1992).

  101. Implementing the Patient Self-Determination Act, 6 MEDICAL STAFF COUNSELOR 9 (1992).

  102. The Patient Self-Determination Act: Implementation Issues and Opportunities, (with Barbara A. Gill), 6 HEALTH LAWYER 1 (1992).

  103. The Search for Justice: Is Impartiality Really Possible? (with Newton N. Minow), 120 USA TODAY MAGAZINE 58 (January 1992).

  104. VISIONS OF THE FIRST AMENDMENT FOR A NEW MILLENNIUM: AMERICANS SPEAK OUT ON THE FUTURE OF FREE EXPRESSION (Editor and contributor). Washington, DC: Annenberg Washington Program in Communications Policy Studies, 1992.

  105. The Continuing Battle Over the EC Broadcasting Directive, in COMMUNICATIONS COMMITTEE, SECTION OF INTERNATIONAL LAW AND PRACTICE, AMERICAN BAR ASSOCIATION. washington, DC: American Bar Association 1991.

  106. Death and Organ Transplantation (with Alexander M. Capron), in TREATISE ON HEALTH CARE LAW (Michael G. Macdonald, Ed.). New York: Matthew Bender, 1991.

  107. The First Amendment and Compulsory Access to Cable Television, in CABLE TELEVISION LEASED ACCESS. Washington, DC: Annenberg Washington Program in Communications Policy Studies, 1991.

  108. The Gift of a Lifetime, 75 VANDERBILT MAGAZINE 15 (Spring 1991).

  109. Health Care Decision-Making and Organ Donation, 5 THE BRIDGE 1 (No. 4, 1991).

  110. The Media and Health Policy (with Newton N. Minow), 13 HEALTH MANAGEMENT QUARTERLY 19 (1991).

  111. THE TENTH STRATEGY: COMMUNICATIONS AND THE FIGHT FOR A DRUG-FREE AMERICA. Washington, DC: Annenberg Washington Program in Communications Policy Studies, 1991.

  112. Time for a National Health Plan, JOURNAL OF COMMERCE A4 (August 28, 1991).

  113. TRANSPLANTATION WHITE PAPER (with Susan Laudicina). Washington, DC: Annenberg Washington Program in Communications Policy Studies, 1991.

  114. Who Is an Impartial Juror in the Age of Mass Media?, (with Newton N. Minow), 40 AMERICAN UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW 631 (1991). [HeinOnline]

  115. Cable Television and the Compulsory Copyright License, 42 FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS LAW JOURNAL 191 (1990). [HeinOnline]

  116. Censorship as a Political Tool, CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR 18 (May 21, 1990).

  117. Censorship as a Political Tool: A Bad Rap for 2 Live Crew, ATLANTA CONSTITUTION (June 13, 1990).

  118. DIRECTORSHIP YEAR-END REGULATORY REVIEW (with Eric Roiter and John B. Reynolds). Westport, CT: Directors Publications, 1990.

  119. Elected Officials Get Nasty About Rap, Art, and the Flag, SAN FRANCISCO CHRONICLE A33 (June 14, 1990).

  120. THE EUROPEAN BROADCASTING DIRECTIVE. Washington, DC: American Bar Association, 1990.

  121. A Failure to Communicate (with Newton N. Minow), JOURNAL OF COMMERCE 8A (December 7, 1990).

  122. The First Amendment and the International “Free Flow” of Information, 30 VIRGINIA JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 371 (1990). [HeinOnline]

  123. Increasing the Supply of Organs for Transplantation: The Role of Ethics and Law, 4 MEDICAL STAFF COUNSELOR 35 (Fall 1990).

  124. The Lessons of Sidney Greenspan (with Newton N. Minow), CHICAGO TRIBUNE 17 (October 17, 1990).

  125. Lifesaving Connections: Communications, Coordination, and Transplantation (with Joel L. Swerdlow), 50 TRANSPLANTATION 992 (1990).

  126. Must Ignorance Be a Virtue in Our Search for Justice? (with Newton N. Minow), LOS ANGELES TIMES 7B (January 25, 1990).

  127. Why Transplants Don’t Happen (with Joel L. Swerdlow), THE ATLANTIC MONTHLY 99 (October 1990).

  128. Laws and Regulations Relating to the Procurement and Use of Human Organs and Tissues in MATCHING NEEDS, SAVING LIVES: BUILDING A COMPREHENSIVE NETWORK FOR TRANSPLANTATION AND BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH (Joel L. Swerdlow, Ed.). Washington, DC: Annenberg Washington Program in Communications Studies, 1989.

  129. Note. Civil Defamation Law in the Soviet Union, 23 STANFORD JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW 303 (1987). [HeinOnline]

  130. Note. Defining California Civil Code Section 47(3): The Resurgence of Self-Governance, 39 STANFORD LAW REVIEW 1201 (1987).